Social Norms and Social Context
 Book Project: Race, Place, and Political Action. This manuscript presents a novel theory of political participation: racial segregation and social norms drive participatory choices in the United States. Using a range of methodologies, I demonstrate that racial segregation leads to variance in social norms regarding the value and meaning of political action in America. This variance alters the rate at which individuals choose to become active, producing differences in aggregate participatory patterns. By considering the impact of social context on political behavior, I provide in this book a nuanced account of normative influence and am able to explain the macro-level patterns of political participation central to understanding politics in an increasingly diverse America. Winner of International Society of Political Psychology Best Dissertation Award, 2017 and Race, Ethnicity, and Politics Section of the American Political Science Best Dissertation Award 2017.
 What Makes a Good Neighbor? Race, Place and Norms of Political Participation. 2018. American Political Science Review, 112(3): 494-508. Social rewards for political participation vary across racial groups and community-types, with racial minorities living in co-racial spaces often providing more rewards to be active than Whites.
 Finding Purpose in the Past. In progress. Many Americans believe it is important to honor their ancestors, but for some groups, this means being active in politics.
 What Does it Mean to Help? In progress. Explores how those who are religious interpret the helping hands norm. With Michele Margolis.
The Carceral State
 Does Carceral State Spillover Mobilize or Demobilize? The Importance of Policy Moderation. Conditional acceptance, Journal of Politics. Social connections to convicted felons can increase political participation, but only in states with the most punitive of felony disenfranchisement laws. With Mackenzie Israel-Trummel.
 Explaining the Racial Divide in Carceral State Attitudes. In progress. What explains the vast differences in evaluations of the carceral state between Black and White Americans? We consider social class, social identity, direct experiences, and social spillover. With Bryce Williams-Tuggle and Drew Engelhardt.
 Revisiting Recruitment: Insights from Get-Out-the-Vote Field Experiments. 2016. With Melissa Michelson. In New Advances in the Study of Civic Volunteerism: Resources, Engagement, and Recruitment, ed. Casey Klofstad. Temple University Press.