Social Norms and Political Participation
 The Obligation Mosaic: Race and Social Norms in US Political Participation. University of Chicago Press. Read Chapter 1. Amazon Pre-Order. A mix of interviews, surveys, and experiments with the four largest racial groups in the US shows how social norms create political participation across different racial and ethnic communities. Two norms—the honoring ancestors and helping hands norms—centrally define concepts of obligation across racial groups but whether these feelings of duty connect to politics depends on each group’s distinct history and continued patterns of racial segregation. The findings help explain why some people participate in politics and others do not, but also provide a window into opportunities for change, pointing to how traditionally marginalized groups can be mobilized into the political sphere.
 What Makes a Good Neighbor? Race, Place and Norms of Political Participation. 2018. American Political Science Review, 112(3): 494-508. Social rewards for political participation vary across racial groups and community-types, with racial minorities living in co-racial spaces often providing more rewards to be active than Whites.
The American Carceral State
 Do Felony Disenfranchisement Laws (De)Mobilize? A Case of Surrogate Participation. 2019. Journal of Politics, 81(4): 1523-1527. Social connections to convicted felons can increase political participation, but only in states with the most punitive of felony disenfranchisement laws. With Mackenzie Israel-Trummel.
 Contact and Context: How Municipal Traffic Stops Shape Citizen Character. Conditional acceptance, Journal of Politics. Racial disparities in municipal context are associated with decreasing trust in the police above and beyond direct and proximal contact, but have no effect on political participation. With Derek Epp and Mackenzie Israel-Trummel.
 A Drop in the Ocean: Direct Contact with the Carceral State and Attitudes Among Black and White Americans. Working paper. A Bayesian learning model incorporating race socialization and experiences during emergent adulthood explains why direct contact with the carceral state is associated with more attitude change among White Americans compared to Black. With Andrew Engelhardt.
Race Socialization, Race Construction, and Racial Context
 Black Lives, White Kids: White Parenting Practices Following Black-Led Protests. Revise and resubmit, Perspectives on Politics. Attention to issues of race socialization increased in the wake of the Summer 2020 BLM protests; we measure and explore racial parenting practices that may have followed among White parents in the latter half of 2020. With Andrew Engelhardt and Mackenzie Israel-Trummel.
 Race as Social Context. Working paper. We show geographic, social, and psychological racial contexts are not well nested in the US context and explore the implications for key political outcomes. With Lauren Davenport and Rachel Lienesch.
 Do Social Movements Matter? How the BLM Movement Is Changing What White Parents Teach Their Kids About Race. In progress. With Andrew Engelhardt and Mackenzie Israel-Trummel.
 Constructing Race Through Disease Discussion: Covid-19 and the Public’s Understanding of Racialized Patterns of Illness. In progress. With Cindy D. Kam.
 Revisiting Recruitment: Insights from Get-Out-the-Vote Field Experiments. 2016. With Melissa Michelson. In New Advances in the Study of Civic Volunteerism: Resources, Engagement, and Recruitment, ed. Casey Klofstad. Temple University Press.